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JIAAP July 2016
Effects of some Yogic Practices on Psychological Well-Being of the Aged: An Intervention Study
Dr. Hardeo Ojha & Dr. Niranjan Prasad Yadav, T.M. Bhagalpur University, Bihar, India
The present study was planned to see if the psychological wellbeing of the aged can be improved by some yogic practices. As indicators of psychological wellbeing five positive traits viz., self-concept, self-efficacy, ego-strength, emotional stability and life satisfaction and five negative traits viz., anxiety, insecurity alienation, identity crisis and loneliness were selected. The yogic practices undertaken were Kapalbhati, Anulom-Vilom, Bhramri, Tratak, Dhyan and Yognidra. Around 500 subjects who were retired officials (in the age group of 65-75 years) were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups in equal numbers. The experimental groups practiced yogic techniques for half an hour daily for six months, which was the intervention period- while the control group continued with their normal activities. The two groups were tested and retested after the intervention period on the measures of psychological wellbeing. The comparisons revealed that there was a significant improvement in the psychological wellbeing of the experimental (yoga) group- but, no difference was found in the control group. Hence, it can be concluded that yogic practices could lead to a holistic and balanced life among the aged. Keywords: Psychological Well-being, Yogic Practices, Ageing.