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JIAAP July 2017
Factor structure of the Hewitt Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (HMPS) in young Indian adults
Sudhir, P. M. Sharma M., Prathyusha P.V., Philip, M.
The Hewitt Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (HMPS) is a widely used measure of perfectionism and in this study its factor structure is examined. A sample of 417 young adults was taken for it. Also, they were assessed on the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) and on neuroticism using the Eysenck’s Personality Inventory (EPI-N). A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was carried out, following which two exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was performed to establish the factor structure of the HMPS. CFA indicated a poor fit (CFI<0.500). On the first EFA, eight factors loaded on 35 of the original 45 items, while the second EFA had six factors loading on 29 items, indicating that the original three-factor structure of the HMPS needs to be re-examined. Factors derived from both EFA reflect more items measuring self-oriented and socially oriented perfectionism and only one-factor measuring other-oriented perfectionism. Thus, even though the HMPS has been widely used in Indian settings, it is likely that the original factors are not entirely applicable to our population and needs reexamination before further application. Keywords: Multi-dimensional perfectionism, Factor analysis, Confirmatory factor analysis, Socially oriented perfectionism, Self-oriented perfectionism.