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JIAAP July 2017
Archetypes Based on Maslow’s Need Hierarchy
Jeevan D’Souza & Michael Gurin
Abraham Maslow has conceived a hierarchy of needs as a model of human happiness,which is attainable through self-actualization. While Maslow believed that self-fulfillment is attainable through the sequential satisfaction of specific human needs, represented in the hierarchy as a linear movement from base to its summit, he recognized that many individual human journeys in relation to the hierarchy are fitful, circuitous, and often incomplete. This article describes categories of human behavior that approach the satisfaction of needs in non-linear ways. The article posits that a linear approach to the satisfaction of needs is optimal and scientifically sound, but that non-linear approaches create definable human types that can be accounted for in an updated version of Maslow’s model that accounts for recursive, non-linear movement regarding the satisfaction of needs. To account for various gaps, shortfalls, and overextensions in the process of needs fulfillment—variations that might be termed misapprehensions of the natural linear path to happiness that Maslow established.This article divides the traditional hierarchy into three basic need categories, which will allow us to identify eight archetypes existing across a broad spectrum of needs fulfillment. Each of these archetypes is briefly described and analyzed with the hope that a more thorough accounting of variations in sequencing will give researchers additional flexibility in applying Maslow’s model to account for human behavior and the elusive pursuit of happiness. Keywords: Hierarchy of needs, Archetypes, Self-actualization, Self-transcendence.