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JIAAP Abstracts 2003

The present study was designed to relate different categories of word associations to various measures of creativity and psychiatric disturbances by giving due weightage to stimulus word, characteristics, namely response entropy and affective connotation of stimulus word. Low Response Entropy Word Association Test, MMPI-Pd Scale, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, Culture Fair Intelligence Test: Scale 3 (Form A). Torrance Test of Creative Thinking: Verbal and Figural (Form A), General Mental Ability Test, Rorschach Ink Blot Test were administered to 200 female college students in the age range of 18-24 years. The study reveals several important findings: (1) extremely unusual word associations reflect impulsive-nonconforming-sensation seeking responses, (2) extremely unusual word associations showed negative association with impulse control, (3) word associations were structurally unrelated to psychometric as well as protective indices of creativity, (4) a negative association (though weak) was found between psychoticism and intelligence.


Expressed and suppressed anger in coronary heart disease and essential hypertension
Naved Iqbal, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi.
Hamida Ahmad, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh.
Sharafat H. Khan, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur.
2003, Jan - Jul; 29(1-2), 7-10

The aim of the present investigation was to study the role of expressed anger in coronary heart disease and essential hypertension. Total sample comprised 150 subjects, 50 each in three groups, i.e., coronary heart disease (CHD), hypertension (HT) and disease free. Anger was measured through anger expression scale developed by Spielberger and others. T-test showed that almost on all anger dimensions both CHD and HT groups scored higher than disease free group. CHD group scored significantly higher than HT group on expressed anger, whereas on suppressed anger HT group scored significantly higher than CHD group.


A study of job satisfaction as a function or role stress in private organization
Brinda Singh, & M.K. Singhvi H.J. Government Girls College, Bhanswara
2003, Jan - Jul; 29(1-2), 11-15

References :14

Effect of high dose of glucose on memory
Nov Rattan Sharma, Parmanand Sharma , M.D. University, Rohtak Sushma Sharma, S.J.K.
 College, Kalanaur, Rohtak.
2003, Jan - Jul; 29(1-2), 17-20

In order to investigate the effect of high dose of glucose on memory, two groups design based study was conducted by using 20 male albino rats. Each Animal weighed 130±5 gms. The subject were trained for a single trial passive avoidance task. A high dose of glucose (1000 mg/kg) or 0.9% saline wax injected intraperitoneally to the subjects of experiments and control groups. Retention was tested after 1 day, 2 days and 7 days training. It was observed that administration of high dose of glucose impaired the memory. Results suggest that glucose affects the memory processes in a significant manner.

References: 6

Structure of the family and self-esteem as moderating factor of depression in women.
Mohd. Ghufran Kumaun University, Almora.
2003, Jan - Jul; 29(1-2), 21-24

The present study was designed to investigate the effects of family structure and self esteem on depression among Housewives and working class women in relation to their age and marital status. For this purpose a sample of 120 women (60 belonging to nuclear family and 60 belonging to joint family) were selected in such a manner that half of the respondents were young (age ranging from 25 to 40 years) and the remaining half were old (age ranging from 60 to 75 years). In the old group 30 were widowed. In the young group 30 respondents were employed and other 30 were unemployed women. They were administered Coopersmith’s Self-Esteem Inventory and the Beck Depression Inventory. The results of the study revealed self-esteem to be a moderating factor for depression in women. Also, depression scores of the young and the old groups of women are differently affected by the structure of the family so that the young group from nuclear families experienced less depression while older women from the same family type experienced greater depression. Age of the women did not affect their depression. There was no significance of difference in the depression scores of employed and unemployed women. In the old group widowed respondents perceived more depression than those whose spouses are alive.


Symptom severity, comorbid depression anxiety associated with the neuropsychological performance of OC patients
Shweta Singh, D.M. Residence, Varanasi C.R. Mukandan, NIMHANS, Bangalore
2003, Jan - Jul; 29(1-2), 25-30

The present investigation aimed at studying the association between severity of symptoms, comorbid depression, anxiety’ and neuropsychological performance in 18 Obsessive Compulsive (OC) patients, subjects were matched for age, years of education and handedness using the working memory tests. To assess the levels of depression, anxiety and the symptom severity. Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale, Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale and Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive scale were used. The neuropsychological tests used were delayed recall, competing language processing test and digit span for assessing verbal working memory and cube test and card position test for assessing visuospatial working memory. The results failed to show association between the severity of symptoms, features of anxiety and depression and the neuropsychological performance in OC patients. However, a strong correlation was found between depression and anxiety. Moreover, there was no association between severity of symptoms and the fixtures of anxiety and depression.

References: 28

Stress Management: A cognitive intervention approach
Kalpana Singh and A.K. Srivastava Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
2003, Jan - Jul; 29(1-2), 31-36

Purpose of this 3-month intervention programme was to examine the effectiveness of self-practicing cognitive intervention for stress management . The study was conducted on industrial employees experiencing moderate to high level of job stress. The results revealed that the employees who participated in the intervention programme experienced relatively lower level of occupational stress and manifested lesser severe symptoms of anxiety, depression, overall mental ill- health and somatic distress. It also improved job satisfaction and performance level of employees.

References: 12

Job satisfaction in the post liberalization scenario: A comparative study of managers
Parul Jha & Govind Swaroop Pathak Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad.
2003, Jan - Jul; 29(1-2), 39-44

Job satisfaction is one of the most widely researched ,topics owing to its centrality to many aspects of "Industrial psychology and Organizational Behaviour, the present study is an attempt to get insight into the nature of differences between managers of private sector and public sector .organisations in the post liberalization period.. The sample consisted 140 managers drawn from four work organizations in India. The findings show significant differences in job satisfaction among private sector and public sector organization.

References: 40

Stress and job satisfaction among security personnel operating in counter-insurgency areas
Vimla Asnani, U.D. Pandey, and R.K. Tripathi Defence Institute of Psychological Research,
New Delhi.
2003, Jan - Jul; 29(1-2), 43-52

The study was undertaken with the aims to identify the various types of stressors and their effect on job satisfaction among security personnel operating in counter insurgency areas. The level of stress was found to be higher in magnitude in counter insurgency areas due to hazardous environment, strict discipline, poor social interaction, overload of risky work and emotional instability. The level of low job satisfaction among the security personnel was found due to hostile working conditions, rigid rules and regulations, ambiguous risky duties, lack of sense of responsibility, social recognition and rewards. The correlation between job satisfaction and overall stress was found to be negative.

References: 26

Construct validation of P.G.I. well being in work setup
Shalini Singh and Rajbir Singh M.D. University, Rohtak
2003, Jan - Jul; 29(1-2), 53-60

Mental health/well-being is a broad and vague concept; The present study was designed to see to what extent the construct of well being has, been operationalized through P.G.I well being scale by forma, Dubey ‘& Gupta (1988) Verma & Verma (1989). A total of 202 employees of clerical cadre from 4 different subsidiaries, of General Insurance Company (GlC) were selected randomly from northern region. Results were analysed by using, three statistical strategies i.e. endorsement rate of items, item total correction and factor analysis. The first strategy showed good endorsement rates followed by .moderate correlations. In factor analysis, 5 factors emerged as significant contributors, i.e. social support, emotionality, psychosomatic, personal adjustment and global attitude toward life. All the items of P.G.I, well being scale are not pure and require improvements. Much has been achieved, more needs to be achieved in this area-especially in the context of the methodological aspect of well-being. Psychometrically, the scale needs to be enriched. 2 , items out of 20 items were endorsed very high i.e. beyond the acceptable limit. 25% of the items of the scale touched endorsement rates of 75%.

References: 12

Do personality traits define self-actualization in professional women?
Nishat Afroz and Ranjana Mittra Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.
2003, Jan - Jul; 29(1-2), 61-66

The present investigation attempts to find out whether education and economic empowerment of women have helped them to attain their inherent potentiality and growth, and whether there are any specific personality factors that helped them in this direction. For this purpose POI and 16 PF were, administered to 33 professional women aged 19-50 years selected from fields of medicine, academics, and nursing. Findings indicate that out of 33 respondents only one was able to self-actualize. The remaining respondents were high on Self-regard (Sr) sub scale of POI. Self-regard is positively find significantly correlated with the personality traits of high intellectual ability, soberness, conscientiousness as well as with those of being venturesome, touch minded, Shrewd, self-sufficient and controlled.

References: 17

Order of need satisfaction in rail work settings: A case of rail engine drivers
S.M. Khan, Statistician, Psycho-technical Directorate, RDSO, Lucknow
P.C. Misra, University of Lucknow, Lucknow.
2003, Jan - Jul; 29(1-2), 67-72

The order of organizational needs of rail engine drivers’ was determined and compared with the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. The results were found different both from Maslow and Indian Psychologists. While doing profile analysis autonomy and esteem needs of the drivers were slightly satisfied and termed as higher order needs; compensation need was the fork of need satisfaction and was slightly satisfied. Whereas, the social and self-accomplishment needs were moderately satisfied and phrased as lower order needs. Practical implications, limitations are drawn and impacts of need satisfaction on future organizational / industrial relations are discussed.

References: 20

Psychological exploration of the relationship between emotional intelligence and job success in an IT company
Parul Khanna and Swasti Shrimali Vohra University of Delhi, Delhi.
2003, Jan - Jul; 29(1-2), 73-82

A study was conducted to explore the relationship between emotional intelligence and job success among IT professionals in a company. The tool used to measure emotional intelligence was the EQ Map which has 20 sub-scales and is divided into 5 distinct areas -Environment, Emotional Literacy, EQ competencies, EQ Values and Outcome. The sample (N=40) was divided into 3 groups based on their confirmation as permanent staff in the organization after the period of training -Highly successful, Medium successful and Unsuccessful. "Highly successful" were those who had been confirmed earlier than their due date of confirmation owing to excellent performance. "Medium successful" were those who were confirmed according to the date of confirmation. "Unsuccessful" were those whose confirmation had been delayed owing to their performance being below average. Results indicated that differences do exist between the three groups in their emotional intelligence.

References: 26

Work stress and coping as predictors of health status of career women
Sushma Pandey & Shipra Srivastava D.D.U. Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur.
2003, Jan - Jul; 29(1-2), 83-92

Present study investigates the role of work stress and coping in the prediction of physical and psychological, health of career women. Results reveal that different group of females varied on work stress, coping and illness. Work, stress caused by interpersonal, physical condition and job interest was greater in railway clerks than bank clerks and teachers respectively. Furthermore, career women of nuclear family and short job tenure group reported more interpersonal stress than their counterparts. Railway clerks/ expressed maximum health problems among all the groups. Minimum levels of stress and. illness were reported by teachers. Also, they scored better on active and adaptive coping than their counterparts. Contrary to this, mental disengagement was maximum in railway clerks. A close association between work stress, coping and illness was found. Work stress was positively related with physical and psychological illness but active and adaptive coping were found to be inversely related with work stress and, illness, However, maladaptive coping was positively related with stress and illness. Further, results indicate that work stress caused by physical condition contributed significantly positively for the prediction of physical and psychological illness. Contrary to this, active coping, i.e., use of instrumental support contributed negatively for illness whereas mental -disengagement predicted positively for physical and psychological illness. The roles of work stress and coping in predicting physical and psychological health have been discussed.

References: 19

Adolescent family factors and depression: A study of prediction relationship
Minakshi K. Patel Saurashtra University, Rajkot.
2003, Jan - Jul; 29(1-2), 93-96

The purpose of the present study was to identify some factors as the predictor of depression among adolescents. The sample of tie study consisted of 526 students of 8th, 9th and 10th standard studying in various schools of Rajkot city Tools like Personal Data Sheet, Achenbach’s Child Behaviour Checklist, Sherry and Sinha’s Family Relationship Inventory and an Indian adaptation of Moos and Moos Family Environment Scale by Joshi and Vyas were administered to randomly selected students. Results were arrived at by the statistical technique of multiple regression analysis. Results indicated that out of 21 selected independent variables fix variables came out to be significant predictors of depression among adolescents. These six factors are parental avoidance, cohesion, moral religious emphasis, control, educational qualification of father and educational qualification of mother.

References: 10